The OCA and OCP, Solaris 11 System Administrator certifications are designed to begin with individuals who possess a strong foundation in the administration of the Oracle Solaris 11 Operating System at the OCA level and who, at the OCP level have expanded their mastery of the administration of the Oracle Solaris 11 Operating System from the base-level of skills and have a fundamental understanding of the UNIX operating system, commands, and utilities. The OCA certification covers essential system administration skills such as managing local disk devices, managing file systems, installing and removing Solaris packages and patches, performing system boot procedures and system processes. The OCP certification covers system administration skills such as configuring network interfaces, managing swap configurations, crash dumps, and core files. Certification provides a solid foundation on which to base continued learning. Up-to-date training and field experience are recommended.